Members in Algeria in the coming weeks should monitor developments related to constitutional reforms proposed by President Abdelmadjid Tebboune and anticipate a resumption of anti-government protests once COVID-19-related restrictions are lifted. The amendments will need to be put to a vote in parliament and then passed via public referendum. Despite some political groups endorsing the changes, anti-government Hirak activists have denounced the changes as authoritarian and far from meeting their demands. All related gatherings should be avoided as they pose a risk of incidental exposure to violence. These have previously taken place in north-west provinces.
Members in Puerto Rico (US), Jamaica, Cuba, the Bahamas, the Virgin Islands (US), and Trinidad and Tobago should exercise caution and follow all official directives related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Entry to all the islands is either prohibited or extremely restricted. A 'stay at home' order remains in effect for Trinidad and Tobago, while curfews are in place in the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto Rico. All arriving passengers to Jamaica and Puerto Rico must self-quarantine for 14 days. While there are currently no official restrictions on individuals seeking to depart the islands except Cuba, flight availability is extremely limited.
Members should plan journeys over the coming days accounting for disruption caused by the passage of Tropical Storm Cristobal. Heavy rainfall, flash floods and strong winds are expected to affect portions of southern Mexico (including Tabasco, Veracruz, Campeche and Yucatan states), as well as Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. The US National Weather Service (NWS) has issued a tropical storm warning from Campeche (Campeche state) to Puerto de Veracruz (Veracruz). Cristobal is forecast to begin travelling in a northerly direction across the Gulf of Mexico on 5 June. Members in affected areas should follow all official directives.
Members should continue to defer all travel to Hong Kong (China SAR) due to stringent entry restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Most non-residents are banned from entering the city until further notice. Those allowed entry, including residents, are subject to mandatory COVID-19 testing and a 14-day quarantine. Transit via Hong Kong International Airport (HKG) has resumed with restrictions. Social-distancing rules have been extended until at least 18 June, and restrictions may be further eased during this period. Businesses have gradually resumed, and gatherings of up to eight people are permitted. Further announcements can be expected in the coming weeks.
Members in Hong Kong (China SAR) in the coming days should closely monitor security developments ahead of a key protest date on 4 June. Pro-democracy activists intend to conduct commemorative activities at Victoria Park marking the anniversary of events in Tiananmen Square (China), despite not having received police permission to hold a mass gathering. To circumvent an ongoing COVID-19-related ban on gatherings, event organisers are also encouraging small commemorative gatherings elsewhere across Hong Kong on the day. Amid increased tensions, gatherings may occur at short notice, and result in localised disruption and unrest.
Members in urban centresover the coming days should plan journeys bypassing protests related to the death of an African American man in police custody in the US. Related gatherings are scheduled for 6 and 9 June. The demonstrations are likely to be well-attended, while a heightened police presence can also be expected. Members should monitor developments closely and anticipate further protestsover the coming days.
The economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic will remain a key driver of protests over job cuts, inadequate relief distribution and shortages of food supplies. Although business operations have partially resumed, the economy is unlikely to significantly improve in the coming months, exacerbating existing socio-economic grievances. In-country members face the risk of an increase in social unrest and crime, in addition to the continued threat posed by terrorism.
Members in urban centres, particularly the capital Dhaka and surrounding areas, should anticipate and avoid further socio-economic protests by labour groups in the coming days. Despite the gradual easing of COVID-19 restrictions, concerns over unpaid wages, mass layoffs, and insufficient emergency relief continue to trigger near-daily gatherings. On 1 June, thousands of garment workers demonstrated in Gazipur and Narayanganj districts (both Dhaka Division), causing significant traffic disruption.
Members should continue to defer all travel to the country due to restrictions related to the COVID-19 outbreak despite the easing of internal restrictions. A nationwide curfew between 21.00 and 04.00 (local time) will be lifted on 3 June. A state of health emergency remains in place and the wearing of facemasks in public is mandatory. The country's airspace and land borders remain closed until further notice, though domestic flights continue to operate.
According to the US Geological Survey, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake occurred at 03.35 (local time) on 3 June, 30 miles (48km) south-west of San Pedro de Atacama (Antofagasta region). The quake occurred at a depth of 60 miles (96km). Details are still emerging; more to follow.
Attacks by the Co-operative for the Development of Congo (CODECO) ethnic militia group continue in Ituri province, despite recent calls for negotiations and the killing of the group’s leader Justin Ngudjolo earlier in March. At least 16 people were killed by suspected CODECO militia members near Moussa in Djungu territory (Ituri) on 3 June. The security situation in the province is further complicated by the activities of the Uganda-based Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) rebel group. Ongoing militia activity underlines the need to avoid all travel to rural parts of Ituri, which we rate as EXTREME risk.
At least three people were killed on 31 May by suspected members of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) rebel group in Rutshuru territory (North Kivu province). This follows attacks by suspected militants from the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) group on 25 May in the villages of Makutano and Kechele, north of Beni (all North Kivu province), in which ten people were killed. These attacks underline the need to avoid all travel to rural parts of North Kivu due to recurrent violence. Additionally, insecurity and social unrest have prompted periodic protests in urban centres since November 2019, posing risks to bystanders.
Members should continue to defer all travel to Costa Rica due to stringent COVID-19-related restrictions. Foreign nationals and non-residents are barred from entry and borders will remain closeduntil 30 June.Returning Costa Ricans or residents must undergo a 14-day quarantine. There are currently no restrictions on departing the country, though most international flights, including those to the US, have been cancelled. For most of the country, a ‘vehicular curfew’ is in effectfrom 22.00 to 05.00 (local time) on weekdays until 19 June.
Members should continue to defer all travel to Egypt, where COVID-19-related restrictions remain in force. International air traffic is suspended indefinitely, though repatriation flights for foreign nationals are permitted. A countrywide nightly curfew has been shortened to 20.00 to 05.00 (local time) until at least 14 June. A state of emergency (SoE) is in effect until 28 July. In-country members should continue to abide by official directives and ensure they have enough provisions to support a stand-fast period of at least several weeks.
Parliamentary elections, originally scheduled for August, have been indefinitely postponed due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. However, the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), a former coalition partner of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, on 4 May announced that the vote would proceed in Tigray state. These developments will exacerbate tensions between the ruling Ethiopian Prosperity Party (EPP) and opposition groups, as well as between the government and regional authorities, increasing the risk of social and political unrest. Risks from crime and ethnic violence will also rise in the country amid COVID-19 restrictions.
Members in urban centres in the coming days should plan journeys bypassing further protests over the recent death of an African American man in police custody in the US. Most related protests have passed off without any major incidents, but some have descended into unrest. A protest in Paris (France) on 2 June was dispersed by the police using tear gas after some participants erected roadblocks and set objects alight. While the majority of protests in the region will remain peaceful, the police may disperse them in locations where a COVID-19-related ban on gatherings is in effect.
Members should continue to defer all travel to Guyana after the authorities extended a partial shutdown of the country's airportsuntil 17 Juneamid the COVID-19 pandemic. No inbound international flights are permitted at this time, with the exception of cargo and repatriation flights. Guyanese nationals returning are subject to a mandatory self- quarantine for seven days. While outbound international flights remain unrestricted, flight availability is severely limited. In-country members wishing to depart Guyana should check with their respective embassy or diplomatic mission to discuss possible options. A curfew is in effectfrom 18.00-06.00(local time)until 17 June.
Members should defer travel to coastal areas of Maharashtra state’s Nandurbar, Palghar, Sindhudurg, Thane, Raigad and Ratnagiri districts and Gujarat state’s Amreli, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dang, Navsari, Surat and Valsad districts until at least 4 June, during the passage of Severe Cyclonic Storm Nisarga. Non-essential travel to the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) and Pune district (both Maharashtra) should be deferred for the same period. Significant disruption to travel and infrastructure is likely in areas on Nisarga’s trajectory. Section 144, which restricts movement in public areas, has been imposed in Maharashtra’s capital Mumbai until 12.00 (local time) on 4 June.
Members should continue to defer travel to the country, where COVID-19-related restrictions remain in force. The authorities issued a guideline on 23 May for adapting to a ‘new normal’ in parts of the country under ‘large-scale social restrictions’ (known as PSBB). Intercity and interprovincial land journeys, as well as domestic air and sea travel, remain limited under such measures. Entry and transit for foreign nationals remain prohibited. Reduced international repatriation flights for Indonesian and foreign nationals continue to operate.
Members should continue to defer travel to Iraq, where restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic are in force. In federal Iraq, a 24-hour curfew remains in effect until at least 6 June. In the Kurdistan Region (KR), the authorities will lift a 24-hour curfew from 18.00 (local time) on 3 June, though restrictions remain in place for interprovincial travel until at least 15 June. Members remaining in the country should abide by all official directives and ensure they have provisions in place to support a stand-fast period of at least several weeks.
Members in the capital Rome on 6 June should avoid a right-wing demonstration against COVID-19 restrictions due to the potential for localised disturbances. Participants plan to gather at 15.00 (local time) at Circus Maximus. The Brothers of Italy (FdI) group and supporter associations of several football clubs are protesting against the government’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions (see related alert).
The police on 31 May announced that a suspect believed to have links with the Somalia-based Islamist extremist al-Shabab group had been killed during a night raid in Kibundani (Kwale county). Two children were also shot dead during the operation, after reportedly being used as human shields. The incident underscores the persistent threat from militancy in MEDIUM travel risk areas. Members are reminded to exercise heightened vigilance in areas at greater risk of attack, particularly near government and security force buildings, shopping centres, hotels and transportation hubs.
Members in urban centres should anticipate and avoid further anti-government protests in the coming days due to the credible risk of unrest. Protests in recent weeks have occurred in central areas across the capital Beirut and other major urban centres, targeting official buildings and financial institutions. Many of these have been disruptive and unruly, prompting a heavy-handed response from the security forces.
Members in Mexico should exercise caution and follow all official directives amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The US-Mexico land border remains closed to non-essential traveluntil at least 21 June. A three-tiered ‘traffic light’ system, outlining how each region can reopen the economy, began on 1 June. The security environment is likely to remain volatile, as organised criminal elements continue to diversify and resort to high-impact crimes to offset their economic losses linked to the pandemic. Furthermore, unrest and subsequent protests continue as essential workers demand better working conditions and personal protective equipment (PPE).
Members should continue to exercise caution over the coming hours following a magnitude 4.9 earthquake near the Iran-Iraq border on 3 June. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the tremor – which occurred at a depth of 6.2 miles (10km) – struck 19 miles (30km) to the south-west of Ilam (Ilam province, Iran) at 12.46 (local time). Tremors were also reportedly felt in Baghdad (Iraq). However, there have been no reports of casualties or damages.
Members in Israel and the West Bank (Palestinian Territories) on 5 June should monitor developments and avoid all rallies related to Naksa Day, which commemorates the displacement of Palestinians following the Six Day War in 1967. This year’s anniversary coincides with increased tensions after the fatal shooting of an unarmed, disabled Palestinian man on 30 May. Due to COVID-19-related restrictions, fewer protests are expected; nonetheless, members should exercise caution at potential protest flashpoints.
Members in urban centres in the coming days should anticipate further protests related to the death of an African American man in police custody in the US, which may cause localised disruption. Despite a ban on gatherings of more than 100 people due to the COVID-19 pandemic, thousands of protesters marched from Aotea Square to the US consulate general in Auckland (North island) on 1 June. Meanwhile, smaller gatherings in the hundreds took place in the capital Wellington, Tauranga (both North island), Christchurch and Dunedin (both South island).
Members should continue to defer all travel to Niger due to COVID-19-related restrictions. All land borders are closed, while international flights have been suspended until further notice. Military and emergency flights are exempt. Anyone arriving in Niger is subject to a 14-day quarantine. Despite a gradual easing of restrictions, a nationwide state of emergency is in placeuntil at least 11 July. Members should continue to abide by all official directives.
Members should continue to defer all travel to the Philippines, where stringent COVID-19-related restrictions are in effect. Several areas, including the National Capital Region (NCR), have transitioned from Enhanced Community Quarantine (ECQ) to General Community Quarantine (GCQ). Elsewhere, measures are further relaxed under ‘modified’ GCQ. Measures will remain in placeuntil at least 15 June.Despite the easing of restrictions, a ‘state of calamity’ will stay in forceuntil at least mid-September. Meanwhile, international services at most international airports, excluding the capital Manila’s Ninoy Aquino International Airport (MNL), remain limited, though commercial domestic flights on 3 June began to gradually resume.
Members in the capital Warsaw on 6 June should plan routes bypassing a protest by anti-vaccination activists. Participants will gather at Plac Zamkowy at 12.00 (local time) before marching towards the prime minister’s office. The protest is being organized as part of an international yearly event to denounce enforced vaccinations. Amid COVID-19-related restrictions on public gatherings, the protest is likely to be accompanied by a large police presence.
Members should continue to defer all travel to Rwanda despite the relaxation of ongoing COVID-19-related restrictions. The authorities have eased some movement restrictions and allowed public and private businesses to operate with essential staff. However, a nationwide curfew from 21.00 to 05.00 (local time) and social distancing measures remain in effect. Members should follow all official directives.
Members in urban centres over the coming daysshould exercise caution, anticipate further protests linked to COVID-19 restrictions (see our separate alert), and plan any movement accordingly. Related rallies have recently taken place in Diourbel, Mbacke, Touba (all Diourbel region), Pikine (Dakar region), Tambacounda (Tambacounda region), Thies, Tivaouane (both Thies region) and the capital Dakar’s Grand Yoff neighbourhood. Further such gatherings are liable to be forcibly dispersed by the police and should be avoided due to the potential for unrest.
Members should continue to defer all travel to Spain amid restrictions linked to the COVID-19 pandemic. A 'state of alarm', which grants the government emergency powers to restrict movement and impose other extraordinary measures, has been extended until at least 21 June. Despite the gradual easing of internal restrictions since 4 May, residents are still being asked to avoid non-essential movement outside their homes and are prohibited to travel between regions until 8 June. Those entering the country must undergo a mandatory two-week self-quarantine, while countrywide movement restrictions remain in force.
Latest update: new cases continue to be reported. An increase in dengue activity has been reported. The disease is spread mainly by mosquito bites. It can cause a range of symptoms including fever, headache and a rash. Some people, especially infants, pregnant women and those who have been infected before, may get a more severe form that can lead to fatal complications. Prevention is mainly by avoiding mosquito bites. Although a vaccine is available in several locations, it is only recommended for people who have been infected with dengue in the past and are living or travelling in areas with high levels of dengue transmission.
Members in the capital Khartoum and other urban centres on 3 June should avoid planned commemorative gatherings as a precaution. The events mark the first anniversary of the forcible dispersal of anti-government protesters outside the military headquarters in the capital. In Khartoum, civil society groups plan to assemble in several locations from 06.00 (local time). Related gatherings are also probable in other urban centres. There is a risk of localised unrest, as the security forces may disperse protesters given current restrictions on public gatherings linked to the COVID-19 pandemic (see separate alert).
Four South Sudan Defence Force (SSPDF) members were killed in an armed confrontation with the Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UDPF) in Maru village (Yumbe district, Northern region) on 31 May. An SSPDF spokesperson said the soldiers were on patrol in a disputed border area in southern Uganda, when they were engaged by UDPF. The contested area is claimed by communities of Kajo-Keji county (Central Equatoria state, South Sudan) and Yumbe district. Local reports from Uganda state that SSPDF soldiers had raided a local village on 20-21 May. The incident highlights the HIGH risks associated with travel to areas within 18.6 miles (30km) of the border with South Sudan and the need for enhanced precautions.
Members should continue to defer all travel to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) until further notice and monitor developments related to the COVID-19 pandemic. In Dubai, most businesses have gradually started to reopen, though movement remains restricted between 23.00 and 06.00 (local time) until further notice. In other emirates, movement is restricted from 22.00 to 06.00 until further notice during the national disinfection and cleaning programme. Movement in and out of the capital Abu Dhabi is restricted until at least 9 June. UAE-based airlines are operating a limited number of inbound and outbound flights.
Members in the capital London and other urban centres should avoid further solidarity protests over the death of an African American man in police custody in the US. These have been taking place despite a COVID-19-related ban on public gatherings of more than 20 people (see separate alert). On 31 May, associated gatherings occurred in several cities, including London, Cardiff (Wales), Manchester (Greater Manchester county) and Glasgow (Scotland). The protest in London resulted in the arrest of 23 people.
Members in the capital London in the coming hours should plan journeys bypassing Sloane Square after a car mounted the pavement and struck pedestrians at approximately 13.45 (local time). Two people were injured and taken to hospital. The police have cordoned off the area and evacuated nearby buildings as they conduct investigations. The police have arrested a suspect; they have not announced a motive.
A protest is ongoing along the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City (New York state) despite a citywide curfew that began at 20.00 (local time) on 2 June. A heavy security force presence has been reported.